TP007 – The Trinity in the Tradition of the Oriental Churches

E. Farrugia

Course Information

Professore: Edward G. Farrugia, SJ,

Programma:  Mon. I-II, 1st sem., 2 cr., 3 ECTS


  • Eastern theology as contemplation of the Trinity.
  • Methodological consequence: the unity of theology and spirituality as characteristic of Eastern theology.
  • The biblical revelation of the Trinitarian mystery, read by means of the reflections of the Fathers.
  • The monarchy of the Father, the generation of the Son, and the procession of the Holy Spirit.
  • The emergence of complementary Trinitarian approaches in the East and the West, and the consequent polemics.
  • The Trinitarian doctrine of the Carolingians at Fozio.
  • Discussions on the “Filioque” at the Council of Lyons II (1274) and in Florence (1439).
  • The theological reaction of Eastern Christians to Islamic monotheism.
  • The provisions of Gregory of Cyprus, of Palamism, and of neo-Palamism.
  • The provision of several modern orthodox theologians to ecumenical dialogue.
  • Synthesis of systematic reflections: a) the epiclesis as an experience of the Spirit; b) the anamnesis as a memory of the Son; c) the doxology as the glorification of the Father.


Through a cross-reading of the history, to arrive at a theological and spiritual synthesis.


Material from the professor;


R. Iacopino, Il Typikòn della Cattedrale di Bova. Codex Barberinianus gr. 359 (A.D. 1552), Roma 2014;


Id., Il Menològio italo-bizantino di Bova. Codex Barberinianus gr. 371(ff. 53r-163v), Roma 2015.