The course proposes to research one of the most complex periods in the history of the Ecumenical Patriarch. The period under study begins with the Latin conquest of Constantinople in 1204 and the subsequent vacancy of the chair of the Great Church and finishing with the Turkish conquest in 1453. We will consider the principle institutions of the Patriarch, concentrating on the role played by the Permanent Standing Synod (Synodos endemousa). The principle events examined with the help of various sources will be: the Arsenite and Josephite schism; the reaction of the Patriarch to the Union of Lyons desired by Michael VIII; Palamism; relations between the Patriarch and the Emperor in the period that saw diminishment of the empire and the expansion of the patriarchate. Particular attention will be reserved for the testimony of the patriarchal register of the age of antiquity.
To show how, through a historical and critical study of the events indicated, one can provide a better understanding of the any problem at the heart of ecumenical dialogue today.
R. Janin, Constantinople. Patriarcat grec, in Dictionnaire d’Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastique, vol. XIII, coll. 629-754;
M.H. Blanchet & M.H. Congourdeau & D.I. Mureṣan (ed.), Le Patriarcat oecuménique de Constantinople et Byzance hors frontières (1204-1586), in Dossiers Byzantins, vol. XV.