SP021 – Introduction to the History of Romanian Christianity


Course Information

Professor: Cesare Alzati cesarealzati@gmail.com

Schedule: Tue. V-VI, 2nd sem., 2 cr., 3 ECTS


  • In the heart of Europe: the European macrocosm and its influences on the Romanian context.
  • In continuity with the Empire: the “Greek” evangelization of Scythia Minor and Latin evangelization in the territories in the time of the Dacia Traiana.
  • The echoes of Roman civilization: Împărat, Rumân, Ţara Rumânească.
  • Rome, The New Rome, Illyricum.
  • The problem of the Moravia of Methodius.
  • The religious and cultural tradition of the disciples of Methodius in the Bulgarian Kingdom and the Latin populations in the areas of the Trans-Danube and Carpathians.
  • The Byzantine-Slav ecclesial tradition and Constantinople imperial authority among the populations of the Danube-Carpathian region at the time of Hungarian expansion.
  • The Latin Church and the Greek Church in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  • The Romanians and their Church in the context of the Hungarian overlordship in Transylvania.
  • Innocent III, Christendom and the Eastern ecclesial institutions in Transylvania.
  • After the great migrations of the Turko-Mongol populations to the east and south of Carpathia.
  • The formation of Romanian lords and of their Churches in Wallachia and in Moldavia: a Latin population, of a Slavic ecclesial tradition and culture, canonically dependent on Constantinople.
  • Romanian overlordship and the Ottoman expansion: lords of the people of Messia and vassals of the Sultan.
  • Nationes and reform in Transylvania: the institution of the Romanian Calvinist Church; a Catholic Prince, Stefan Báthory, and the refoundation of the Romanian Orthodox Metropolia.
  • A religious experience and an important ecclesiastic: the Moldavia of the Movileşti.
  • The Romanians and Athos.
  • The Orthodox Metropolia of Transylvania under Calvinist pressure.
  • After the liberation of Vienna in 1683: the expansion of the Hapsburg Empire into the area of the Danube Balkans and the Serbian migration into Hapsburg territories.
  • Decree of the Union of Florence (6 July 1439) and the Orthodox in central-eastern Europe between the XVI and XVII centuries.
  • The Union of the Romanian Church of Transylvania: genesis and development.
  • Blaj, little Rome, and the contribution of its school in the Romanian-Transylvanian context.
  • Romanian lords in the Phanariot koinè.
  • The contribution of Romanian Orthodoxy to the Orthodox community.
  • The age of nationalism and Hegelian inspiration.
  • The formation of the National Kingdom of Romania and its autocephalous church.
  • After the First World War: Great Romania, the Patriarch, the problems of church life in the inter-war period.
  • After the Second World War: the advent of communism and the suppression of the United Romanian Church in Transylvania.
  • In the new Europe: the obvious problems.


To review the history of the Church in Romania from its earliest days to the present.


Bibliografia: Storia religiosa dello spazio romeno, sotto la direzione di C. Alzati, a cura di L. Vaccaro, ITL, Milano 2016 [in corso di stampa];


C. Alzati, Lo spazio romeno tra frontiera e integrazione in età medioevale e moderna, Prefazione di G. Rossetti, ETS, Pisa 2002.