After presenting the religious and cultural history of the Roman Empire that developed in the east (Byzantine Empire), there will follow an analysis of the formation of the great Eastern Patriarchates and the long dispute between Rome and Constantinople. The dispute was characterized mainly by the problems of jurisdiction and ecclesiastical discipline. This will be presented in broad lines. It will be followed by an examination of the history of the individual churches.
The aim of this course is to provide an overview of the birth and historical development of the Eastern Churches through the history of the theological disputes and the ecumenical councils which gave origin to their formation and worked deeply on their life and organization.
F. Carcione, Le Chiese d’Oriente. Identità, patrimonio e quadro storico generale, Milano 1998;
G. Ostrogorsky, Storia dell’Impero Bizantino, Torino 1993;
F. Pericoli Ridolfini, Oriente Cristiano, Roma 1970;
R.G. Roberson, The Eastern Christian Churches. A brief Survey, Roma 1999.