TP009 – The Ever-virgin and Mother of God Mary in the Christian East

P. Zannini

Course Information

Professor: Paolo Zannini, OSM,

Schedule:  Tue. I-II, 1st sem., 2 cr., 3 ECTS


  • Analysis of the developments in the image of Mary in the movement from the Sacred Scriptures to patristic theology.
  • The historico-salvific image of the Virgin in the apostolic and apologetic Fathers.
  • The ascetico-spiritual image of Mary in subsequent Greek patristics.
  • The dogmatic image of Mary in the councils of Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451) with liturgical, hymnological, and ecclesial reflections in the context of the “concrete Christology” of Romano il Melode.
  • The symbolic theology of the Syriac Fathers in its mariological dimension.


Through the analysis of patristic texts to present the development of theological images of Mary; to gather from Eastern liturgies the omnipresence of Mary; to argue how the Christian East attests that Mary “unites in her person and re-echoes the most important doctrines of the faith.” (LG 65)


G. Gharib & E. Toniolo & L. Gambero & G. Di Nola (ed.), Testi Mariani del primo millennio, 1-4, Roma, 1988-91;


B. Buby, Mary of Galilee, 3, New York 1997;


P. Zannini, Mistagogia mariana di Efrem Siro, in Theotokos 10 (2002) 219-250; Id., Romano il Melode e le origini della mistagogia mariana a Bisanzio, in Marianum 71 (2009) 361-419. J. Ledit, Marie dans la liturgie de Byzance, Paris 1976;


A. Kniazeff, La Mère de Dieu dans l’Église Orthodoxe, Paris 1990.